Macular Degeneration & AMD Specialist

Austin Eye Center

Retina Specialist located in Austin, TX

Macular degeneration, or age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is a leading cause of vision loss over age 60. To safeguard your vision, rely on Austin Eye Center. The practice features Fuad Makkouk, MD, a Yale fellowship-trained surgical retina specialist. He determines whether you have macular degeneration and performs advanced eye treatments to help preserve your vision. Call the practice today or book a consultation online.

Macular Degeneration & AMD

What is age-related macular degeneration (AMD)?

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) weakens your vision over time. AMD affects your macula, the part of the retina (the lining of the back wall of the eye) that allows you to see fine detail, by causing the cells in your macula to die, leading to vision loss.

AMD comes in two forms, wet and dry. Estimates suggest that nearly 2 million people have AMD, while another 7 million risk losing their vision due to age-related macular degeneration. 

What are the kinds of AMD?

AMD is categorized as dry AMD and wet AMD. Dry AMD is more common than wet: About 8 in 10 people with AMD have the dry form. 

The dry type occurs as your macula thins with age. Clumps of proteins form, causing you to slowly lose your ability to see when you look straight ahead. Unfortunately, dry AMD is not treatable, but requires monitoring as it can transform into wet AMD.

While less common, wet AMD is very serious. This form is caused by abnormal blood vessels growing under your retina. These vessels leak and scar your macula, affecting your vision. This form causes more rapid vision loss than dry AMD. 

How can I tell whether I have AMD?

You won't realize you have the condition until your vision becomes very blurry. Visiting Austin Eye Center regularly for an eye exam is the best way to catch age-related macular degeneration early, before it affects your vision.

Who gets AMD?

Certain factors increase your risk of getting AMD, such as:

  • Smoking
  • Being overweight
  • Age
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Family history of AMD
  • Having heart disease also increases the likelihood of getting age-related macular degeneration.

How is AMD treated?

At Austin Eye Center, Dr. Makkouk provides state-of-the-art treatments for macular degeneration. He may recommend an advanced procedure like an intravitreal injection, which is effective for most cases of wet AMD. 

During the injection treatment, Dr. Makkouk numbs your eye so that you are completely comfortable throughout the procedure. A needle the size of a hair is then used to inject medication through the white part of the eye, and into the back of the eye. The procedure minimizes blood leaks and reduces the number of blood vessels to correct your condition.

If injection treatment isn’t appropriate for your condition, Dr. Makkouk discusses whether another advanced treatment might be right for you. 

For specialized, high-tech care for age-related macular degeneration, rely on the expertise of retina surgeon Dr. Makkouk and the team at Austin Eye Center. Call today or book your appointment online.