Aging can increase your risk of conditions that affect your retina — and vision — such as a macular hole or retinal detachment. Austin Eye Center in Austin, Texas, offers the expertise of Fuad Makkouk, MD, a Yale fellowship-trained surgical retina specialist. He diagnoses and treats retinal conditions with advanced technologies, including laser surgery. Get highly specialized eye care today by calling or booking a consultation online for an examination of your retina.
The retina is light-sensitive tissue that lines the back of each eye. Your retina is made of millions of rods and cones, as well as nerve cells, that process visual information and transmit it via your optic nerve to your brain. This process allows you to see.
Your retina also contains a small area known as the macula, which enables you to see what is in front of you. The center of your eye is filled with a clear, jellylike substance called vitreous, which is attached to your retina. Disorders affecting your retina can impair your vision, and in some cases, cause blindness.
Various conditions and diseases affect your retina. Common ones include:
Diabetic retinopathy occurs when high blood sugar damages the blood vessels in your retina. These blood vessels can swell, leak, or close, leading to vision loss.
Macular degeneration is an age-related disease that can destroy your central vision. It comes in two forms, wet and dry.
A torn or detached retina is a potentially serious eye condition where your retina rips or pulls away from the back of your eye. These types of issues tend to occur in men more than women.
Cancers, such as melanoma and lymphoma, can damage your eye and eyelid. Retinoblastoma is a rare form of eye cancer that starts in the cells of your retina.
This condition happens when there's a small break in the part of your retina known as the macula. Holes are more common after age 60.
At Austin Eye Center, Dr. Makkouk draws on his expertise as a fellowship-trained surgical retina specialist to identify retinal disorders and diseases. He examines your eye and suggests diagnostic tests to confirm his diagnosis.
For example, if Dr. Makkouk suspects a macular hole, he puts drops in your eye to dilate your pupil. He looks through a special lens at the inside of your eye. Next, he captures images of your eye with a scanning machine using optical coherence tomography (OCT). OCT scans the back of your eye, creating detailed pictures of your macula and retina.
With these pictures, Dr. Makkouk identifies the source of your vision problem and recommends appropriate treatment options.
Protect your vision today with expert diagnosis and treatment of retinal issues at Austin Eye Center. Call today or schedule your visit online.